Content covered in this article:
- What is Voting?
- How to Vote
- Guided Voting
- Enabling/Disabling Voting in a Discussion
- Adjusting User Vote Visibility in Private Discussions
What is Voting?
Each claim carries with it a record of the impact those who’ve voted on that claim consider it to have. This is shown in the four bars in the top-left-corner of the claim, which are called Impact Meters - the more of those bars that are colored in, the stronger the impact those who’ve voted on it consider it to have on the argument at hand.
Users in a discussion can vote on claims to express how much impact they consider it to have. Over time, these build up into a user consensus of what claims are most impactful on the discussion.
For information on how to enable or disable voting in your discussion, see Enabling/Disabling Voting in a Discussion. For further information on what the impact meters can show you, see Understanding Perspectives.
How to Vote
To vote on a claim, click the four bars in the top-left-corner of the claim. This will open a panel of five ratings, from 0 to 4, that represent a spectrum of potential weight placed on a claim. Note that voting on a claim is a statement about that claim in context - contextually, how does it contribute to your view of its parent claim? - rather than a statement about that claim in isolation. To register your vote, click on your selected rating.
Kialo also has a guided voting system, which will systematically take you through claims you haven’t yet voted on. For more information, see the following section.
The guided voting system will automatically take you to random claims to vote on, starting with those in levels 1 to 3, then 4 to 6, and so on (i.e. beginning higher up in the debate and progressively moving downwards). The system will also hide others’ votes from you while you are in guided voting mode to help avoid bias.
When you finish each batch of levels, guided voting will take you through any claims where your votes on subclaims changed significantly after voting, and then to any claims where your votes on subclaims may be inconsistent with your vote - for example, where you have indicated that you consider a con claim to have a significant impact on its parent, but still given that parent claim itself a high impact rating.
If you don’t want to vote on a particular claim, you can use the ‘Skip’ button to move to the next claim.
To open more options, click the ‘More’ button, which will open a panel on the right-hand side of the screen. In the right-hand panel, you’ll see statistics showing what stage of guided voting you are in and how many claims you have left to vote on in that stage. You’ll also see the options to mark the current claim for review (if you hold at least Editor privileges in the discussion, see: Marking a Claim for Review), or ignore the current branch. The ‘Ignore Branch’ button will exclude all claims including and below the current claim from the guided voting mode. You can skip back to the previous claim you voted on by clicking the ‘Previous’ button, and an additional ‘Skip’ button is located here for ease of access.
To turn on guided voting, open the Discussion Menu and select ‘Guided Voting’. To exit guided voting, click the ‘Exit’ button.
Enabling/Disabling Voting in a Discussion
Admins in a discussion have control over whether participants are able to vote on claims at any given time. Voting can be turned on or off - to do so, open the Discussion Menu and select ‘Discussion Settings’. Check/uncheck the ‘Allow voting’ box and click ‘Save’.
Adjusting User Vote Visibility in Private Discussions
In a private discussion, Admins are able to specify which users can see how other users have voted on claims. If hidden, Impact Meters (see What is Voting?) on claims will not reveal how other users have voted on their impact. This is useful if you wish to have a blind vote of how impactful claims are, avoiding the bias that might exist if individuals are able to see how other users have voted on a claim.
Users are still able to vote on claims as normal if user vote visibility is restricted - they just won’t be able to see how other users have voted.
To adjust User Vote visibility, open the Discussion Menu and select ‘Discussion Settings’. In the ‘Discussion Options’ section, under ‘Who can see users’ votes on claims?’, you can select either:
- For all users (default): All users in the discussion will be able to view user votes as normal.
- Only for Admins: User vote visibility will be restricted to only Admins in the discussion.
- Never: All users, including Admins, will not be able to see anyone else’s votes.
When you are finished, click ‘Save’.
If selecting ‘Discussion admins’ or ‘Only the users themselves’, this can then be changed at a later time to reveal how users in a discussion have voted.